Moses had previously been a powerful and eloquent prince of Egypt, Acts.7:22, with titles, degrees and had become mighty in words and deeds. After identifying himself with his own people he tried to begin to deliver Israel from Egypt in his own strength and ability, resulting in total failure. Realising that he is a murderer and no longer has any place or standing in Egypt he goes into the land of Midian, where he meets Reuel’s daughters who invite him into their family circle, subsequently he marries Zipporah, a daughter of Reuel/Jetho and for 40 years works caring for his father in-law’s sheep. He has now become a shepherd; people the Egyptians despised and regarded as the lowest of the low.

1.Corinthians.1:26-31. v.27. “But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of this world to shame the strong” niv.

God’s sovereign plan and purpose for Moses, started with him being saved from death in the Nile by the faith of his parents. Adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter, taken into the palace, educated, and trained to a prince of Egypt for 40 years. The following 40 years in the desert is God’s training school of humility, the absolute opposite to his previous life as an Egyptian prince. When God was satisfied Moses was ready to be used in the next 40 years of his life, God appears to him in a burning bush, calling and commissioning him to deliver Israel from their captivity in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land.

n.b. Reminder Egypt is symbolically representative of the unsaved world, Moses is about to become involved in a spiritual battle against the demonic power of magicians and wilful stubbornness of Pharaoh.


“For though we live in the world, we do not wage war as the world does. The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of the world. On the contrary, they have the divine power to demolish strongholds. We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every thought to it obedient Christ”.

When God called Moses all his Egyptian credentials would be of no consequence or use. God provided the only credentials he would need!


God starts to equip Moses with a simple question, Ex.4:2 “What is that in your hand?” He answered “A Rod” Moses was familiar with the rod used every day from waking to sleeping, an ordinary but an essential part of his life, identifying him as a shepherd, who the Egyptians regarded with contempt and scorn.

Rod – Stick of wood, dead, lifeless has no power in itself unless God chose to use it!
2. Rod goes unnoticed until God draws it to our attention!
3. Rod surrendered to God becomes an instrument symbol of God’s mighty power.
4. Rod a simple staff that has potentially great power when applied at the Lord’s command far beyond Moses imagination.

God’s choice of an instrument to bring deliverance to Israel is a Shepherds Rod not a king’s Golden Sceptre! Zech.4:10a.

An absolute reversal what people think or expect. An illustration of this concept is when a church is numerically shrinking, or wanting to multiply their numbers. The common solutions are to bring in a “big name preacher/evangelist” or subscribe to the methods of another church and expect positive results, sadly usually ending negatively.
In the meantime the local members of the congregation who are all potential evangelical soul winners, are mostly content to sit in their comfort zones. Listening rather than using the gifts or tools they have in their hands! Literally, they are the rods God wishes to use!

John 4:34-35. “My food” said Jesus “is to do the will of Him who sent me and to finish His work. Don’t you have a saying, ‘its four months until harvest’? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest”.niv.


Exodus 4:18-23. Moses receives permission from Jethro to return back to Egypt.

v.20.b. “And Moses took the “ROD OF GOD IN HIS HAND”. Now that Moses is acting in accordance with the will of God and is associated with God’s purposes, the simple Shepherds Rod, has now become God’s Rod.

The emphasis is now the Rod and Moses as one unit joined and acting together to achieve the deliverance of Israel.

The ROD identifies Moses as a Shepherd, who takes the Rod to where it is needed.

The Rod symbolically represents THE CROSS, THE WORD AND POWER OF GOD, Moses typifies the Lord Jesus Christ – The Good Shepherd, John.10:11, identically Jesus the Shepherd must be associated with the God’s Word and God’s power.
Luke.4:18-19. Psalm.23:1-6. John.1:1-5. Matthew.28:18-20, v.18 “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and earth” Authority = Power Gk.exousia.

Luke.9:23. Then He said to them all, ‘If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his CROSS DAILY, and FOLLOW ME”.

Simple explanation is that as Moses was identified as a Shepherd by the Rod/Staff he carried, so believers are to be identified by their daily association with the crucified, resurrected Jesus Christ in their daily walk of obedience.

v.23. Moses is instructed to give the Egyptian Pharaoh a message that will have dire consequences if he refuses to set Israel free! The ultimate price will be the death of his own son. Galatians.6:7. “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap”

Refer:- Exodus.1:15—16 & 22. Pharaoh had commanded, all Israeli male babies to be killed at birth or thrown into the Nile.

v.24-26. Moses almost died at the beginning of the journey to Egypt.

a. Moses soon after his birth was circumcised in accordance with the word of the Lord given to Abraham. Genesis.17:9-14, know as the Abrahamic covenant. Every Israelite male child or male adherent, was required to be circumcised, to be under the Blood Covenant of God.

b. Moses had failed to circumcise his son Gershom born of Zibborah a Midianite. Possibly circumcision was not practiced among the Midianites or
he had listened to his wife who may have been trying to protect her son?

c. God would not allow Moses to continue with the mission, until his household was in order. No compromise within his own family. His failure almost cost Moses Life.

d. This indicates why God emphasises that qualifications required for any spiritual leader is so demanding. 1.Tim.3:1-15, Tit.1:5-11, 1.Pet.5:1-4.

e. Zipporah realising disobedience was the root of the problem took a sharp flint knife circumcised Gershom, and cast his foreskin Moses feet, saying “You are a husband/bridegroom of blood to me”

f. When Zipporah circumcised the boy, and cast the foreskin at Moses feet, she was finally showing her full submission to him, and to word of God, and The Blood Covenant. “Husband of Blood = A Man of the Covenant”

g. Through marriage to Moses she was also covered by the Covenant.

h. v.26. “So He(God) let him go” Immediately following the circumcision of Gershom Moses is healed and permitted to move forward.

Conclusion:- Romans.12:1-2.

“I beseech you therefore brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service” “And be not conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God”.


Mose learnt the hard way, no compromise allowed! Song of Solomon.3:15a

Pastor Terry Brinded 2018-10-31

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